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The Committees

  • United Nations General Assembly: Second Committee (Economic and Financial)

    Agenda: Discussing the role of Shell Corporations in enabling International Criminal Fraud and Money Laundering

     

    The United Nations General Assembly Second Committee also known as the Economic and Financial Committee or ECOFIN, is one of the six main standing committees of the United Nations General Assembly which is the primary organ of the United Nations Organization. The Second Committee is responsible for examining problems in the area of global finances and economics.

     

    An anonymous shell company is a corporate entity that has disguised its ownership in order to operate without scrutiny from law enforcement or the public. These “phantom firms” can open bank accounts and wire money like any other company, making them a favorite tool for money launderers to hide their business and assets from authorities. They have facilitated crimes ranging from Medicare fraud in the United States to illegal logging in Africa to corruption in Malaysia.

  • United Nations Economic and Social Council

    Agenda: Ensuring the Healthy Development of Artificial Intelligence

     

    The United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, responsible for coordinating the economic, social, and related work of 15 UN specialized agencies, their functional commissions and five regional commissions. ECOSOC serves as the central forum for discussing international economic and social issues and formulating policy recommendations addressed to member states and the United Nations system. A number of non-governmental organizations have been granted consultative status to the council to participate in the work of United Nations.

     

    Artificial intelligence has emerged as a prominent development sector in the Information Technology industry therefore its evolution and subsequent integration into the growing technological consumer market. As the exploitation of this new technology has increased exponentially, the legal, social, economic and cultural repercussions of the same must be explored. The deliberation must comprise and perhaps even focus on the potential of misuse of this technology. Be it cyber-crime, sentience or the everlasting question of moral acceptability the committee must discuss and reach a conclusion as well as guide it in the right direction.

  • United Nations- WATER

    Agenda: Discussing the Jordan River Crisis with special emphasis on its impact on the situation in Syria

     

    United Nations Water (UN-WATER) coordinates the efforts of the United Nations and international organizations working on water and sanitation issues. UN Water members and partners inform about water and sanitation policies, monitor and report on progress, and coordinate two annual global campaigns on World Water Day and Word Toilet Day. Every year, UN-Water coordinates the United Nations international observances on freshwater and sanitation. Depending on the official UN theme of the campaign, they are led by one or more UN-Water Members and Partners with a related mandate. On World Water Day, UN-Water releases the World Water Development Report.

     

    The Jordan River Crisis also known as the War over Water has been one of the many issues between Israel and its Arab neighbors. Israel has significant control over the water resources of that area. The Syrian Crisis has further propounded the water scarcity of the region with a larger drain on resource. The Arab nations themselves demand for better equable water distribution. The stakes have been claimed and the UN WATER must under its mandate deliberate and decide on solutions to solve this dispute.

  • United Nations Human Rights Council

    Agenda: 1) The violation of Human Rights by State actors in the guise of National Emergencies and Crises

    2) Popularization of Hate Speech and its scope of operation under the Freedom of Speech

    The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a United Nations body whose mission is to promote and protect human rights around the world. The UNHRC investigates allegations of breaches of human rights in UN member states, and addresses important thematic human rights issues such as freedom of association and assembly, freedom of expression, freedom of belief and religion, women’s rights, LGBT rights, and the rights of racial and ethnic minorities.

    States have a long standing history of justifying morally questionable actions and policies in the name protection of national security. The same phenomenon is further extended when the state declares a state of emergency or a national crisis. In such a scenario human rights are negated and sometimes outright violated. The United Nations still has no mechanism to reprimand such actions and thus, the need for deliberation over this issue is required.

    Hate speech has been recently popularized with the emergence of populist leaders and radical political organizations throughout the world. The definition of hate speech remains ambiguous under the orbit of the United Nations and the divide between free speech and hate speech is not clear yet. Thus, nations find it difficult to distinguish between the two and turn to the United Nations for guidance in the matter.

  • United Nations Security Council

    Agenda: Evaluating the effectiveness of Visa Blockades and Travel Bans in maintaining International Peace and Security

     

    The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to the United Nations Charter. Its powers include the establishment of peace keeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions; it is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.

     

    Certain populist leaders of the world have recently popularized travel bans by implementing them to ensure the security of their nations. While the legality and scope of operation under the respective constitutions is still ambiguous, the bans however themselves do represent an alternative method of ensuring peace, law and order. The enforcement of travel bans and visa blockades in various situations themselves showcases their prominence. Critics call them as an impetus to xenophobia and discriminative in their nature, while the governments in their complacency have already resorted to them. Thus the UNSC, under its mandate must deliberate upon these methods and their consequences and reach a conclusion.

  • The African Union

    Agenda: Developing  Transnational Transportational and Infrastructure with Special Emphasis on Maintenance of Security

     

    The African Union is a Continental Union which consists of all the 55 nations which comprise the continent of Africa. Established in the year 2001, the African Union aims for the unity and solidarity of these nations and to encourage intracontinental cooperation and promote the common goals of the African people. The organization further focuses on the cultural, economic and political harmony of the continent.  The AU has also been instrumental in the fight against diseases like AIDS/HIV and Malaria as well as ecological issues such as desertification. It also functions in the sphere of peacekeeping and peacebuilding.

    Economic progress in Africa has been for long dependent on investment from European or North American countries. The African nations have hence ignored for a long time the possibility of intracontinental economic development. The economy of a nation is only as good as its transportation network thus, for the inception of this development, transportation is a pre-requisite. Transportation must also be complimented with transnational infrastructure to make the development happen at a quicker pace. However old hostilities and disputes threaten this initiative and only through deliberation can a plan of action be decided.

  • National Security Council: Strategic Policy Group

    Agenda: Reforming the Indian Defence Sector with special emphasis on the manufacture and proliferation of advanced weaponry in India

    The NSC is the apex body of the three-tiered structure of the national security management system in India. The Strategic Policy Group is the first level of the three tier structure of the National Security Council. It forms the nucleus of the decision-making apparatus of the NSC.

    Indian focus on its defence and security stems from its strategic location, internal strife and hostile neighborhood. China and Pakistan remain two major factors for increasing defence and security requirements. A developing nation with the lowest per capita income, India is constrained to allocate significant resources for maintaining its territorial integrity and internal peace. India currently procures 70% (approximately) of its military equipment from abroad for its Army, Navy and Air force. The Self-reliance index of India remains at a humiliating low despite severe policy posturing to improve indigenization. Despite our limited resources, the Government has spent hedonistically on its acquisition of defence elements. India is likely to spend Rs. 6.18 lakh crore by 2022 on buying new military equipment. For the sustained security of the Indian economy, the Indian focus on weapon procurement must shift to Indian sources itself. If this change is not initiated our economy will be further burdened by the costs of these acquistions and our armed forces will remain dependent on foreign sources. Therefore it is now the responsibility of the National Security Council to deliberate and form policies to reform our defense sector radically for the sustainability of our Nation.

  • The Black Panther Party (1971)

    Agenda: Adoption of Methods to counter Institutional Racism and Achieve Equality in the United States of America

     

    The Black Panther Party was a political organisation founded in the year 1966 by two young students called Bobby Seale and Huey P. Newton. The organization was born out of a direct disgruntelment with the institutional racism of the United States and the failure of past non-violent movements to improve the lot of the African-American community. The organization was radical in its approach to the Black Power movement and endorsed “Self Defence” as the way forward. It represented another face of the Equal Rights Movement and subsequently caused a misconceived fear in the government of a Black revolution. Thus the Federal Beaureu of Investigation launched the COINTELPRO initiative to systematically dismantle the BPP.

    The year 1971 was a turning point for both the Black Panther Party and the Black Power struggle as a whole. The perception of racism was changing amongst the people of the United States of America, and the BPP was struggling with an internal dispute. The two most influencial leaders Huey Newton and Eldridge Cleaver were clashing on the tactics needed for the future of the struggle. The unity of the BPP is now threatened and the chairman has called for a meeting of the veteran members of the organization to reconciliate these two factions that remain at arms against each other.

     

     

  • Ministerial Cabinet of the 3rd Borissov Government

    Agenda: Elimination of Organized Crime Groups Operating in Bulgaria

     

    The Nation of Bulgaria  has been a long standing victim of organised crime and its subsequent consequences. In the year 2017, the 44th National Assembly elected Boyko Borissov’s GERB as the nation’s majority party and the Third Borissov coalition government was formed. After being reprimanded on various occasions on the allegations of corruption  and his connection to organised crime,  Prime Minister Boyko Borissov has declared his intention to fight corruption  and organised crime and has pressed charges against alleged corrupt politicians.

    The Ministerial Cabinet of the Third Borissov Government aims to eliminate organised crime groups in the country and to improve the image of the Bulgarian Government. They must balance the interest of their benefactors while pursuing this apparent noble and righteous agenda.

  • Ad-Hoc Committee of the Secretary-General

     

     

     

     

    Agenda: To be communicated 20 days prior to the conference

     

Conference Resources

The Background Guides shall be uploaded soon

The Conference Schedule shall be uploaded soon

The Conference Handbook shall be uploaded soon

Sponsors

Presenting Sponsor

Associate Sponsor

- THE FIFTH SESSION -

LMUN 2018
  • r.

  • Agenda: Evaluating the effectiveness of Visa Blockades and Travel Bans in maintaining International Peace and Security The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to the United Nations Charter. Its powers include the establishment of peace keeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions; it is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states. Certain populist leaders of the world have recently popularized travel bans by implementing them to ensure the security of their nations. While the legality and scope of operation under the respective constitutions is still ambiguous, the bans however themselves do represent an alternative method of ensuring peace, law and order. The enforcement of travel bans and visa blockades in various situations themselves showcases their prominence. Critics call them as an impetus to xenophobia and discriminative in their nature, while the governments in their complacency have already resorted to them. Thus the UNSC, under its mandate must deliberate upon these methods and their consequences and reach a conclusion.
  • organization to reconciliate these two factions that remain at arms against each other.

  •  Agenda: To be communicated 20 days prior to the conference
  • -reliance index of India remains at a humiliating low despite severe policy posturing to improve indigenization. Despite our limited resources, the Government has spent hedonistically on its acquisition of defence elements. India is likely to spend Rs. 6.18 lakh crore by 2022 on buying new military equipment. For the sustained security of the Indian economy, the Indian focus on weapon procurement must shift to Indian sources itself. If this change is not initiated our economy will be further burdened by the costs of these acquistions and our armed forces will remain dependent on foreign sources. Therefore it is now the responsibility of the National Security Council to deliberate and form policies to reform our defense sector radically for the sustainability of our Nation.

  •  Agenda: To be communicated 20 days prior to the conference
  •  Agenda: To be communicated 20 days prior to the conference
  • Agenda: Evaluating the effectiveness of Visa Blockades and Travel Bans in maintaining International Peace and Security The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to the United Nations Charter. Its powers include the establishment of peace keeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions; it is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states. Certain populist leaders of the world have recently popularized travel bans by implementing them to ensure the security of their nations. While the legality and scope of operation under the respective constitutions is still ambiguous, the bans however themselves do represent an alternative method of ensuring peace, law and order. The enforcement of travel bans and visa blockades in various situations themselves showcases their prominence. Critics call them as an impetus to xenophobia and discriminative in their nature, while the governments in their complacency have already resorted to them. Thus the UNSC, under its mandate must deliberate upon these methods and their consequences and reach a conclusion.
  •  Agenda: To be communicated 20 days prior to the conference

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